Criminal Justice System Reviewer 1
Stages Of A Criminal Case
1. Stop - temporary detention of an individual for investigation. If the stop
yields information to confirm the suspicion, the stop may escalate into an
2. Arrest - taking a person into custody in order that he may be bound to answer
for the commission of some offense, made by an actual restraint of the
person or by his submission to custody.
3. Booking - the process of officially recording an arrest.
It typically includes the following:
a. Photographing the defendant (mugshot)
b. Fingerprinting the defendant
c. Obtaining personal information like name, address, and
date of birth.
4. Preliminary Investigation - inquiry or proceeding to determine if there
is sufficient ground to engender a well founded belief that a crime
cognizable by the RTC has been committed and that the respondent is
probably guilty thereof and should be held for trial.
5. Arraignment - the stage where the accused is formally informed of the
charge against him by reading before him the information or complaint
and asking him whether he pleads guilty or not guilty.
6. Trial - examination before a competent tribunal of the facts put in issue
in a case, for the purpose of determining such issue.
7. Judgment - adjudication by the court that the accused is guilty or not guilty
of the offense charged, and the imposition of the proper penalty and
civil liability provided by law on the accused.
8. Appeal - a proceeding for review by which the whole case is transferred
to higher court for a final determination.
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